Note: The content herein is for informational and entertainment purposes and is not intended to be a substitute for consultation, diagnosis, or treatment services which should only be provided by a certified professional. If you have questions or concerns about a health condition, please contact Dr. Steven Folstad or Dr. Todd Hansen, our Carolina vein specialists.
Spider veins are smaller, red, purple, and blue vessels that also twist and turn. Spider veins are easily visible through the skin as well. They are also most often seen on the legs and face.
Causes of Varicose Veins and Spider Veins
A number of factors predispose a person to varicose veins and spider veins. These include:
- Occupations that involve a lot of standing, such as nurses, hair stylists, teachers, and factory workers.
- Hormonal influences during pregnancy, puberty, and menopause.
- The use of birth control pills.
- Postmenopausal hormonal replacement.
- A history of blood clots.
- Conditions that cause increased pressure in the abdomen including tumors, constipation, and externally worn garments like girdles.
- Other reported causes include trauma or injury to the skin, previous vein surgery, and exposure to ultraviolet rays.
Other Risk Factors for Varicose Veins and Spider Veins
Varicose veins and spider veins develop more often in women than in men. They increase in frequency with age. An estimated 30% to 60% of adults have varicose veins or spider veins.
Symptoms of Varicose Veins and Spider Veins
Many patients with varicose veins complain of pain, described as an aching or cramping in the legs. Other common symptoms include tiredness, restlessness, burning, throbbing, tingling, or heaviness in the legs. Pain caused by varicose veins is usually relieved by elevating the legs or by wearing support hose.
In women, symptoms may be worse during certain parts of the menstrual cycle or during pregnancy. Patients also may develop swelling, ulcers (deep sores), and an increase in the pigmentation or darkening of the color of their skin, especially in the ankle region. Occasionally, varicose veins can form a painful blood clot with inflammation of the vein called thrombophlebitis.